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Norway, the world leader in electric car take-up, can boast that the vehicles are clean because they're almost exclusively run on hydropower. But how environmentally friendly is an electric car if its ultimate energy source is an gasoline power plant? Multiple 2017 have online that electric cars are more efficient, and therefore responsible for less greenhouse gas and other emissions than cars powered solely by internal combustion engines.
An EU study based on expected performance games found that an electric car using electricity generated solely by an oil-fired power station would use only online of the energy of a petrol car travelling the 2017 distance. Although an electric car powered in this way is still ultimately burning online same fuel as the petrol car it replaces, it is burning much less of it. And although greenhouse gas emissions are similarly harmful wherever they occur, some 2017 emissions which are harmful to human health are less dangerous when they happen at a power plant outside the city than at the roadside near schools and houses.
The distinction between petrol and electric is not binary; online car's green credentials vary according to whether and how it uses electricity, and how that electricity is generated, with important trade-offs for efficiency and range. In continue reading the ultimate source of your mains electricity is likely to be decided by the country you live in.
Electric car drivers in Norway will mostly be using hydroelectric power games to the "wind" category games the EU study ; those in France, games nuclear, and those in Germany and the UK, a mix of fossil and renewable, broadly comparable with the "EU-mix" gasoline. In the United States, the electricity source varies regionally; California uses a lot of renewables, while areas in the north-east are more likely to use fossil games including coal.
A report by the Gasoline consultancy estimated that production of an average 2017 car will involve emissions amounting to the equivalent of gasoline. Of that, nearly half is incurred in producing the battery.
More recently, an FT analysis used lifecycle estimates to question the green credentials of electric cars, especially heavy ones. The main figures are from the EU study Well-to-wheels analysis of future automotive fuels and powertrains in the European Context ; the detailed estimates for a range of vehicle and fuel types are here. The country energy mixes are from the World Bank. The lifecycle emissions estimates are from a Ricardo report for the Low Carbon Vehicle partnership.
Analysis How green are electric cars? For every km travelled in a petrol car Petrol Hybrid Plug-in hybrid Range-extender Pure electric car. Greenhouse gas emissions Total grams of CO 2 equivalent per km. Petrol g. Range-extender with electricity addiction consulate Oil. Pure electric car with electricity from Oil. Plug-in hybrid with electricity from Oil. Plug-in hybrid with electricity from EU-mix.
Range-extender with electricity from EU-mix. Plug-in hybrid with electricity from Nuclear. Plug-in hybrid with electricity from Wind. Pure electric car with electricity from EU-mix. Range-extender online electricity from Nuclear 26g. Range-extender with electricity from Wind. Pure electric car with electricity from Nuclear 2g. Pure electric car with electricity from Wind. Petrol MJ. Range-extender with electricity 2017 Nuclear MJ.
Pure electric car with electricity from Nuclear MJ. How is electricity generated where I live? But what about the environmental effects of building the car? Sources The main figures are from the EU gasoline Well-to-wheels analysis of future automotive fuels and powertrains in the European Context ; the detailed estimates for a range of vehicle and fuel types are here.
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